Organization of general stores for the sale of basic foodstuffs in the DRC. Groupement d’intérêt économique (GIE) between Global Resources Ventures sarl “GRV” and the Société d’Entraide Financière Sarl “SOCENFIN”.
The construction and development of general local food stores throughout the national territory constitute a means of accumulating stocks of basic products for the 26 provinces of the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Faced with the looming food crisis and pandemic diseases forcing stoppage of work such as the case of the Corona Virus commonly known as Covid-19.
The actual start-up will require an initial capital of 373.7 million dollars in the form of a public-private partnership loan with a maturity of 20 years. Thus, the program will consist first of all of importing basic food products from abroad and distributing them through a circuit of modern general stores created by the State. It is an urgent matter to fill the gaps in local provisions.
Second, provision will be made for the creation of pilot parks, agro-food and pastoral industries throughout the republic in order to address the recurring problem of food shortage in the event of an emergency or natural disaster. The advantage will be to constitute agricultural granaries for food self-sufficiency and to gradually eradicate the infernal cycle of massive importation of essential products while the country has major assets to easily feed its population without begging outside. . The target for this project will primarily concern end consumers, especially households, individuals or individuals who will need provisions exclusively for their homes and not to resell to wholesalers or retailers.
The industrialization of the agricultural sector comes at the right moment in view of the scarcity of products on the market, the precariousness of the roads to agricultural services and the soaring prices in the markets. Added to this speculation causes the fall in the purchasing power of consumers. This situation disrupts the consumption plan in most households, which have enormous difficulty in obtaining supplies.
For several decades until the end of 1990, the Congolese state always set up popular stores and auxiliary services across the provinces to deal with food and health emergencies. Unfortunately the majority of these infrastructures suffered successive looting in October and January 1991 and finally in January 1993, thus condemning them to decay, neglect and anarchic auctioning. The state no longer has emergency food stores or appropriate services.
Today, the country has been facing the health crisis caused by the Corona virus qualified as Covid-19 across the world since the start of 2020, leaving no chance for economic operators to carry out their traffic in goods to supply hundreds of thousands of consumers mixed together: wholesalers, semi-wholesalers and end consumers. The room for maneuver is becoming increasingly narrow and desperate given the increased viral speed of this virus, which is ravaging thousands of consumers everywhere around the world.
During this time, the traffic of goods must imperatively continue to avoid the shortage of stocks which would fiercely lead to a new food crisis more deadly than ever.
Covid-19 has a boomerang effect. This is why Africa in general and the DRC in particular are not spared from this double viral and food danger.
In view of the growing health impasse and the phenomenon of confinement against the overwhelming scourge of viral disease, the Congo needs to protect and feed more than 94 million inhabitants. The provision of basic foodstuffs in the 26 provinces appears to be a necessity today in addition to medicines produced for preventive or curative purposes.
However, the annual per capita income is around US $ 383 and the guaranteed inter-professional wage on average is US $ 40 in public administration and US $ 85 in the private sector.
Faced with this grim picture, the Congolese population will find it difficult to eat without counting other needs such as health, education, transport, communication and housing to name a few.
The household budget at the bottom of the scale, according to recent economic data indicates that to feed a Congolese household of 8 people, the actual daily ration must be 40 USD at a rate of 5 USD per person. The Gross Domestic Product of 36 billion dollars annually represents barely 383 USD per inhabitant, which has become very derisory following the bad economic situation.
Importing food products and improving agricultural and pastoral production through agro-food and pastoral industries is a current emergency. The state should have the obligation to meet the needs of the population by rebalancing the supply and demand for goods in a market riddled with chronic commodity deficits.
III.1 General objective
The intensification of the trafficking of goods throughout the national territory and the rest of the world is one of the ways to create import-substitution strategies in agricultural materials and equipment. This objective will make it possible to revive the large-scale agro-pastoral industry in our country with a great opportunity to create added values and reduce the infernal cycle of imports from abroad.
III.2 Specific objective
Create and organize large general stores for the distribution of food products as part of a public-private partnership in the 26 provinces.
Open large, permanent and synchronized traffic, particularly port, border, river, lake and road traffic 24 hours a day in the 26 provinces in basic products through the following corridors:
- Western corridor with an exit to the port of Matadi and the Lufu border post in order to supply the provinces of Kinshasa, Kongo Central, Kwilu, Mai-Ndombe, Kwango, Equateur, Tshuapa, North and South Ubangi and Mongala with 4 relay ports and traffic nodes namely: Matadi entry and exit route from the DRC to the outside, Kwilu, Inongo, Mbandaka and Bandundu interconnection and transshipment routes by road, rail, internal waterways .
- North-East corridor with two exit and entry lanes at the border post between Ituri and Uganda via Aru and another border post with South Sudan via Ari-Wara in order to supply the provinces of Tshopo, Upper and Bas-Uélé and Ituri with the port of Kisangani considered as a relay between the corridors and the East and the West without ignoring the riparian port of Mobayi Mbongo between North Ubangi and the Central African Republic.
- Extreme East Corridor with three entry and exit lanes at the Kasindi, Bunagana border, between North Kivu and Uganda, then Rubavu I and II between North Kivu and Rwanda again Ruzizi I and II between South Kivu and Rwanda, in addition Kamanyola, and Katumba between South Kivu and Burundi, joining the landlocked Maniema and the Kigoma border between Tanganyika and Tanzania.
- South-West Corridor with three exit and entry lanes, the dry port of Kasumbalesa between Haut-Katanga and Zambia, the Dilolo border post between Lualaba and Angola, the border post between Kamonya and Angola to serve other provinces of Grand Kasai, Sankuru and Haut-Lomami.
Refinancing of agro-industrial activities in all provinces to create food self-sufficiency as one of the conditions for socio-economic and industrial development.
IV.1 Food shortage and decline in manufacturing production
A. Food shortage
The creation of agro-food industries is justified by the evolution of food production which shows a positive variation in the average growth rate of 1.74% which testifies to an increased imbalance between the variety of products with a strong domination of roots and tubers. at 67.32%. Compared to the estimated population of 94,830,178 inhabitants, the average production over the entire 5-year period is 57,471 tonnes, representing 1.65 tonnes per inhabitant or 0.14 tonnes per month. Therefore, the need to build agro-food parks arises in order to constitute one of the solutions to fill the agricultural deficit.
Table n ° 01 Evolution of food and manufacturing production
B. Decline in manufacturing output
No one can conceive that with the natural assets favored by the climate and the fertility of the soil, the Congo is able to produce only relatively small quantities with all its manufacturing companies and claim to feed more than 94 million inhabitants. . As an indication, for the year 2019 alone, the country produced through its factories only 89,000 liters of pasteurized milk, 20,675 tons of corn, 21,876 tons of wheat, 223 tons of husked rice and 2,103 tons of fish in the lakes. How many people then benefited from this dramatic production despite the positive growth rate? Therefore, the creation of agricultural industries in all provinces will be one of the priorities to erase this gloomy picture of agricultural and livestock statistics.
Table n ° 02 Evolution of agricultural manufacturing production
V.2 Low growth rate of livestock production
Estimating that the same causes produce the same effects, the livestock sector shows a slow variation in production with an average growth rate of 0.60%. Poultry activities dominate at 71.79% over the whole sector with an annual average of 28,543,000 heads. Once again, the agro-industrial and pastoral parks will represent a real barometer of regulation and rebalancing of the livestock sector to give a new image of agriculture at the scale of 20 years of operation.
Table n ° 03 Evolution of livestock and fishing production
IV.3 Shares of the agriculture, livestock, fishing and hunting sectors in the economy
The contribution of agriculture to the economy is quite low considering the evolution of the data in the table below. Despite the average rate of 18% of imports, the fact remains that the agricultural sector shows a decline in its contribution to the state budget, exports and GDP. Hence the importance of changing the mode of agricultural production by industrializing it with numerous value chains expected for at least 20 years thanks to an investment of 373.7 million dollars.
Table 04 Contribution of agriculture to the economy in%
IV.4 Rebalancing of food imports and exports
The DRC has been going through a deadlock for several years in the export of food products. It devotes more its efforts to the few perennial products such as coffee, tea, palm oil, wood, cotton, sugar etc. There is a virtual nullity of exported food products. On the other hand on imports, the country has spent on average more than 2.34 billion dollars in the field of agriculture, breeding, fishing and hunting including the purchase of materials intended for agriculture, or 19% of shares. This situation sufficiently attests to the difficulty of the Congolese industry in meeting the challenge on the balance of payments. The arrival of new agricultural industries will correct these chronic deficits.
Table n ° 05 Food imbalance in millions of US dollars
IV.5 Enormous natural, environmental and human potential
The DRC is a true sub-continent of more than 2.345 million km2, where natural, environmental and human potentials are emerging to create multiple agricultural industries converging on socio-economic and industrial development. Indeed, as an indication, here are some major advantages:
- Congo maintains in the agricultural calendar between 9 to 11 months of the rainy season and 1 to 3 months of the dry season with 1300 to 2300 mm of rain over the entire national territory. All crops will be able to grow favorably unequivocally.
- Lack of desert land and soils are of unprecedented fertility.
- The soil does not need chemical fertilizers to develop agriculture and fights fiercely against pests and other predators of fields and plantations.
- The spaces are large enough for extensive agriculture and large-scale animal husbandry, aquaculture and modern fishing. These spaces are available on nearly 70% of the national territory.
- The waters flow in all the 26 provinces thanks to the lakes, rivers and rivers which are highly rated in terms of fish and mineral potential throughout the world.
- The temperature is around 17 to 33 ° C and is favorable for seasonal crops.
- The country has two time zones that can easily be used to develop the agricultural calendar.
- Agricultural and rural labor is in abundance although it is underqualified and 80% live peacefully in the villages. There will be the possibility of recruiting and training her.
- The country is full of more than 144,564 km of agricultural feeder roads although 80% of them are unpaved. They will be used relentlessly for the evacuation of production in agro-industrial parks and to consumption centers.
- Although the problem of hydroelectric and thermal energy is acute, the redevelopment of mini-dams and the use of solar energy will be put to good use.
- The means of transport of goods and equipment will be provided by the many road, river, air, lake and rail routes.
2nd FEASIBILITY STUDY
II.1 Organization of refueling operations
- Investment capital in Agro-industrial parks: 373,738,180 USD
- Investment rate in 20 years: 5%
- Guarantee: Management of the project’s assets for 20 years by the financial backers.
- Donors: Foreign Financial & Technical Partners and the Government of the Republic through an emergency unit of the Presidency of the Republic.
- Partner: GIE STT-GRV for the management of current operations.
- Contributions from Foreign partners: Financing, Technology Transfer and provision of subcontracted services.
- Nature of the contract: Consortium.
- Duration of the initial capital: 240 months and ie 20 years.
- Annuity of invested capital: 18,686,909 USD
- Administrative and technical workforce: 995 agents.
- Workforce of stores and warehouses: 5,250 agents.
- Number of branches and administrative agencies: 145
- Number of administrative and regional offices: 26
- Material and equipment costs: 108,138,180 USD
- Tonnages of local goods in 20 years: 595 665 361 tonnes.
- Turnover after 20 years: 3,872,716,050 USD
- Transport procurement methods: national and international call for tenders.
- Ranges of foodstuffs: Cereals, flour, sugar, tea, meat, poultry, eggs, fish, salts, spices, oils, powdered milk, juices, cans, sweets, etc.
- Types of food: perishable, non-perishable and non-spoiled
- Main sources of imports: South East Asia, Africa, North and South America and the European Union.
- Methods of transporting foodstuffs in the provinces: Multimodal transport of transshipment of the routes: river, rail, road, lake and air.
- Insurers: International shipping companies supplying foodstuffs.
- Shipowners: National, local and foreign companies.
- Preservation method: Dry storage and freezing.
- Food sales points: 1,944 stores and 216 warehouses.
- Annual tonnages per store: 15,322 tonnes.
- Annual tonnage per warehouse: 137,886 tonnes.
- Distribution channel: 4 corridors in the West, East, South-East and South-West spread over the 26 provinces with several exit routes to the outside.
- Distribution channels: Trucks, boats, freight trains, whalers, cargo planes, large engine barges.
II.1.2 Practical arrangements
Table n ° 06 Global investment cost in US dollars
Fig n ° 01 Overall investment cost in%
B. Forecast of depreciation provisions
1. Depreciation and provisions for equipment and materials
Annually, provision will be made for depreciation and provisions for equipment and materials to guarantee renewal during the investment period and beyond this period of 20 years for an amount of $ 3,958,526.30.
Table n ° 07 Depreciation and provisions
2. Financial costs of the invitation to tender
Given the length of the project spread over two decades, the donors will give the capital repayment measures in the form of credit without the interest rate, but guaranteed by the equipment and machining materials of the agro-industrial parks in this regard. including the concessions until the deadline of the discharge of this credit of approximately 373,738,180 USD. The repayment every 5 years equals $ 93,434,545 at $ 18,686,909 per year.
Table n ° 08 Financial charges in US dollars
C. Distribution of supplies by corridor and by population
Table n ° 09 Annual food supplies
The supply of the corridors is not executive, it will vary according to the migratory movements of populations and the socio-economic and political situation. However, the Western Corridor will have a 44.54% market share compared to the other provinces following the regrouping of the population of the 8 provinces. In addition, some populations for cultural, environmental, biological and health reasons may or may not obtain supplies from public stores. They will have several choices, but the main thing for this project is to break the recurring phenomenon of stockouts causing price speculation during the crisis period.
D. Costs of ranges of staple foods per tonnage
Table n ° 10 Breakdown of staple foods in US dollars and tonnes
The cost of importing food includes purchase prices and incidental purchase costs including logistics and transport charges. On the other hand, import duty and tax charges are excluded for reasons of state exemption. The costs of certain staple foods may possibly vary depending on the volume of imports and internal demand. The state will concentrate supplies of specially non-perishable products. The other foodstuffs concern margarine, confectionery, chocolate, cold meats and fruit juices, etc.
E. Deployment of stores and warehouses
Table n ° 11 Dispatching of stores and warehouses by corridor
The distribution of stores and warehouses will not be fixed during the period of delivery of the commodities. It will undergo changes depending on supply and demand but also on competition.
F. Mobilization of human resources
a) Management committee
Table n ° 12 Distribution of administrative and technical staff
b) Support and technical assistance team
Table 13 Number of sales forces
c) Agro-industrial workforce
Table n ° 14 Number of park workforce
II.2. Main trafficking mechanisms
Table n ° 15 Main food distribution inputs in US dollars
For convenience and foresight against risk in distribution operations, the deployment will absolutely raise at least $ 7.57 million. The products will have to arrive at their destination according to the preparations of the inputs with regard to the extent of the national territory to the dimension of a continent.
II.2.2 Measurement of imported foodstuffs by category
Table n ° 16 Foodstuff measurements
Table n ° 17 Breakdown of basic foodstuffs in US dollars and tonnes
In the context of wholesale imports at factory prices, costs vary upward or downward depending on the volume of imports including duties and value added taxes. Therefore, the volume of imports throughout the year will be 3,403,675 tonnes for which the state will have to pay at least 86,463,200 USD to transport the food to its destination.
II.2.3 Potentiality of food supply per household
Table n ° 18 Supply of a household of 8 people
Everything else remaining equal and in the mechanism of the search for balanced foodstuffs and ensuring good health for social well-being. A household of 8 people must normally be supplied with at least 6.03 tonnes or 603,000Kg per year as supplies although these foodstuffs are not consumable every day with an average of 3.02 tonnes.
The population is over 94,830,174 inhabitants and has 8 people per household, for a total of 11,853,772 households. Consequently, the potential supply of stores amounts to 71,435,573 tons per year and the average quantity to be consumed by the effect of the tastes and dietary habits of households, brings this volume down to 35,517,787 tons. This estimate indicates that the Congo is still far from satisfying at least 50% of the population today.
II.2.4 Revaluation of commodity prices by grouping together commodities
- H1: staple foods include cereals, meats, chickens, poultry, fry and fish.
- H2: Ingredients and seasonings include oils, sugar, salt, cans and processed and packaged spices.
- H3: Light foods refer to powdered, liquid and condensed milk, tea, coffee and sweets.
- H4: The Purchase Price (PA) of foodstuffs is calculated by multiplying the average price per tonne (PUM / Tonne) and the volume of imported products.
Table n ° 19 Grouping of imported products
B. Sales of imported food
Table n ° 20 Revenue forecast
Since the sale of basic products is not a fact of competition, it only concerns households and individuals and not sellers or traders in the strict rigor of the measures of the balance between supply and demand . The selling price per tonne will be that of the purchase including incidental import purchase costs. However, retail prices in stores will be set by the appropriate departments. With $ 3.4 million in imports, it is likely to make at least $ 306.7 million in a year.
II.3 Operation of agro-industrial and pastoral plantations and farms
II.3.1 Agricultural plantations, breeding, fishing and aquaculture
The ultimate goal is to create a large-scale corn and semolina flour mill, powered by mechanized plantations in all 26 provinces. The options to be carried out are as follows:
Table n ° 21 Forecast of investments in US dollars
Agro-industrial and pastoral production can be deployed over an area of 83,360 hectares initially as part of the experimentation with the mechanization of the agricultural and pastoral sector before expanding further over the entire national territory. This will require investing an initial amount of 5,308,500 USD with the possibility of creating at least 270 operating entities.
II.3.2 Distribution points for agro-industrial and pastoral products
The modernization of agricultural and livestock activities will be accompanied by the ability to create distribution centers in the different corners of the Republic and close to the inhabitants. This is why an investment of 27,930,000 USD to host the 1,520 sales infrastructures will be one of the priorities.
Table 22 Forecast of distribution point costs in US dollars
II.3.3 Main gross products of agricultural activities to be promoted
Table n ° 23 Forecast of agricultural crops
II.3.4 Main gross products of breeding and fishing activities to be promoted
Table n ° 24 Forecast of livestock, fishing and aquaculture production
Consequently, for the breeding, fishing and aquaculture operation with an average reproduction of 2 to 6 times a year for females, the expected result will be 19,000,000 head of cattle reared on an area of 22,000 hectares in all the Republic. While for fishing and aquaculture, heads will reach an average of 229,500,000 fish in one year.
II.3.5 Operation of the cheese factory, charcuterie, butcher and fishmonger and dairy
Table n ° 25 Forecast of the tonnage of the pastoral industry
Not all livestock will be assembled for machining or industrial processing. This is why a slice of 20 to 30% of head of cattle will be selected for the butchery, charcuterie, cheese factory, fishmonger, dairy and eggs. This strategy will make it possible to collect annually more or less 2,653,950 tonnes to supply the distribution centers scattered around the 26 provinces.
II.3.6 Operation of mill, flour and semolina
Industrialization of the agricultural sector to improve and increase production will reach an average of 871,500 tonnes to bail out the market. The 4 ranges of processed food products will gradually replenish the granaries of stocks for food self-sufficiency.
Table n ° 26 Forecast of the tonnage of the agricultural industry
II.3.7 Forecast of stocks of vegetables, legumes and fruits
Other agricultural products will be of great use in household consumption. In order to expand production, the plantations will accommodate seasonally varied varieties of vegetables, legumes and fruits. It will be possible to produce 312,791 tonnes during farming.
Table n ° 27 Forecast of vegetable, legume and fruit tonnage
II.3.8 Assessment of the market trend for imports and exports of foodstuffs
The industrialization of the agriculture and livestock sector will require further reducing imports and concentrating capital for more than 20 years to effectively improve domestic production. The objective will be to consolidate production locally and gradually up to more than 20 years and to change the trend towards exports as part of the promotion of trade and the balance of the trade balance.
Table n ° 28 Trend of the DRC ka supply in tonnes
II.3.9 Assessment of the trend in turnover
The sale of agricultural and livestock products on the market will be far from increasing or achieving profit on the contrary, it will only cover operating costs and recover supply funds, the resumption of production local area, amortization and the credit risk margin allocated to the sector. On an annual average, the turnover will be 3,684,106,208 USD compared to the quantities sold of local and imported products equivalent to 9,875,741 tonnes or 373 USD per tonne.
Table 29 Trend in turnover for the first year in US dollars
III.1 FINANCIAL EVALUATION
III.1.1 Gross Operating Income
Table n ° 30 Forecast results in US dollars
With a strong mobilization of revenues to have good autonomy over the import-substitution policy, after 20 years of operation, the self-financing capacity of agro-industrial projects in export-substitution will increase to 1,134,094,221 USD , more than three times the initial investment. This capacity will make it possible to strengthen the equipment and materials for agro-food and pastoral activities. Moreover, to mark this measured ambition, from the 10th year, there will be the possibility to collect the initial 373,738,180 USD in peace and keep some leeway following a good management of the operating expenses of consecutively.
III.1.2 Forecast of the cash flow plan
A. Two Decade Cash Flow Plan
The cumulative flow of liquidity will reach USD 658,748,280 over the period of two decades and will mark once again a favorable financial health and rigid to the mutation of the Congolese agricultural policy towards its industrialization with an ultimate vocation of the export of agricultural products en masse. This cash will help turn 26 provinces into granaries of agricultural self-sufficiency in order to easily feed the 94 million inhabitants. The cash flow will be positive successively and from one period to another, thus proving the capacity of recovery of the investment from the 15th year.
Table n ° 31 Cash flow forecast in US dollars
B. First year treasury budget plan
The budget plan for the first year provides financial fluidity favorable to the pursuit of agro-industrial activities in the various agricultural and pastoral parks.
Table 32 Forecast of the cash budget for the first year
III.1.3 Forecast of the Net Present Value
By investing in the agricultural, livestock, fishing and aquaculture sector, it will be easy to meet the urgent needs to supply the population with food. Faced with the multifaceted crisis that the country is going through in recent times, the discounted gross margin (Margin 2) at the weighted average rate of 5%, will make it possible to achieve a present value of 2,448,566,609 USD, i.e. more than 6 times the cost the initial investment of 373,738,180 USD after 20 years of operation and at the rate of 122,428,330 USD per year to expand investments. Most of the improvement in equipment and materials for the agro-pastoral industry will be acquired to gradually reduce external dependence on basic foodstuffs.
Table 33 Forecast of the Net Present Value in US Dollars
III.2 Risk forecast
III.2.1 Internal Rate of Return (IRR)
By disbursing $ 373.7 million, there will be hope to achieve the internal rate of return of 7.55% well above the weighted average rate. This rate will be a great opportunity to increase agro-industrial and pastoral parks as well as stores and public warehouses for the supply of basic food products.
Table 34 Forecast of the Internal Rate of Return in US dollars
III.2.2 Recovery period (DRA)
Following good cash management, weighting it at the rate of 5% per annum, the initial investment of $ 373.7 million will be recoverable in the 10th year to orient it in other sectors so as to create agricultural free zones in all provinces. This delay will be accompanied by other achievements in the context of promoting agricultural foreign trade like the mining and metallurgical sector which dominates the Congolese economy.
Table n ° 35 DRA payback time in US dollars
III.2.3 Profitability of the Monetary Unit (RUM)
The initial investment can increase the profitability of the monetary unit. That is to say that with 1 USD invested, it will bring back after two decades of operation more than 7.59 USD, which is a favorable growth rate and induced by the risk margin.
Table 36 Profitability of the Monetary Unit in US dollars
III.2.4 Return to Initial Investment (R.O.I)
Table n ° 37 Forecast of the Return on Initial Investment
The return on investment will certainly be achievable over the 20-year exercise period and will replicate more than 7 times the initial investment.
III.2.5 Performance rate (T.P.O)
Table n ° 38 Performance rate between cumulation in the 5th and the 20th year
By investing in the agro-industrial and pastoral sector in the dynamics of covering chronic deficits in basic products, there will certainly be a big change in terms of supply on the market to clearly feed the population and create agricultural granaries throughout the extent of the territory.
III.3 Profitability threshold and breakeven point
III.3.1 Profitability threshold
The operation of agroindustrial and pastoral parks as part of the development of production and distribution of food products will generate a turnover of 3,872,716,052 USD after 20 years. However, the profitability threshold will start from the realization of 647,748,638.49 USD in the interval of the 3rd year and 4 months.
Table n ° 39 Profitability threshold
III.3.2 Profitability threshold
The pace of agriculture and livestock activities through large industries will raise turnover to the highest point after 20 years and will cross the closure mark after 2 months and 21 days, or 60 days. At that time, the donors will cede the heritage to the Congolese state.
Table n ° 40 Neutral
The creation of stores and warehouses to supply the population with basic products in the face of the looming foodcrisis and the resurgence of epidemic and pandemic diseases slowing down the mobility of the population is an efficient and effective social utility work.
However, it is absolutely necessary to pay first and foremost a sum of 373,738,180 USD distributed. This capital will be used for the import of basic foodstuffs and the acquisition of equipment and materials as well as the mobilization of operating costs. In addition, this investment supposes, on the one hand, the development of 1080 stores and 120 warehouses in the 26 provinces by recruiting more or less an administrative and technical workforce whose workforce may be around 5,000 workers, not counting the day laborers. and temporary. On the other hand, the creation of agro-industrial and pastoral parks that can allow large-scale activities of agriculture, breeding, fishing and aquaculture on the basis of developed spaces with the possibility of creating flour mills, semolina mills and molds without forgetting butchery factories, pigsties, delicatessens, dairies, henhouses, etc.
The initial import will cover the requirements for staple foods, ingredients or seasonings and light products for secondary consumption. The main sources of imports are South East Asia, the European Union, North and South America and the African continent. Although the project is exempt from import duties and taxes, what remains is the logistics and transport to get the entire volume of imports to their destination in the 26 provinces. It will be necessary to succeed in satisfying the majority of consumers out of 94.6 million inhabitants.
This is the reason why the distribution of food will be done through the circuit of 4 corridors including the Western corridor headed by the city of Kinshasa, the North East corridor with the province of Tshopo as its pillar, the Southeast Corridor punctuated by North Kivu and the South West Corridor headed by Haut-Katanga. The distribution channels will be formed by ships, barges, cargo planes, freight trains and heavy-duty trucks by a transshipment transport system and in a synchronized manner. With the work of logistics, transport and distribution under the support of systematic monitoring and control, sales movements will be alleviated by local stores and warehouses.
The main thing for this project is to manage to stop dependence on the import of basic foodstuffs by first carrying out a policy of import-substitution of basic equipment and materials for the promotion of the Congolese agricultural industry and then change this policy by export-substitution as a guarantee of increased self-sufficiency in production and the independence of sizable agricultural reserves for massive exports.
The start-up of the agro-food and pastoral industry is a priority in the current era if the Congo really wants to stop the food crisis which is afflicting many families and which plunges the purchasing power of consumers towards unprecedented impoverishment.